Ethics of Publication

UMI Medical Journal, using guidelines issued by the Publication Ethics Committee (COPE). The UMJ requires that all articles involving human subjects respect the principles of research ethics as set forth in the Helsinki Declaration. The research involving animals as subjects is also required to comply with the International Principles for Biomedical Research issued by the International Health Information Science Board (CIOMS). Ethical publications should be clear in order to improve the quality of research. UMJ COPE adjusts to meet ethical standards for publishers, editors, authors, and reviewers.

Here are the ethical standards for editors, authors, and reviewers.


  1. The editor should be responsible for each article published in UMJ.
  2. The editor should help the author to follow the Guide for authors.
  3. The editor can communicate with other editors and reviewers in making the final decision.
  4. An editor should evaluate the manuscript objectively for publication, assessing each quality regardless of citizenship, ethnicity, political belief, race, religion, gender, seniority, or institutional affiliation of authors. The editor must reject the assignment if there is a potential conflict of interest.
  5. The editor needs to make sure the documents sent to the reviewers do not contain information from the author, and vice versa.
  6. Editor's decision should be notified to the author with the reviewers' comments unless it contains offensive or defamatory remarks.
  7. The editor must respect the author's request that one should not review its submission if this excuse is reasonable and practical.
  8. The editor and all staff should ensure the confidentiality of the submitted manuscript.
  9. The editor will be guided by a COPE flowchart if there is a false suspicion or disputed authorship.


  1. Reviewers commented on possible errors in research and ethical publications.
  2. The reviewer should do the job on time and notify the Editor if they can’t complete the job.
  3. The reviewer must maintain the confidentiality of the manuscript.
  4. The reviewer may not accept and review the manuscript if there is a potential conflict of interest between them and the author.


  1. The author ensures that the material to be published has not been published and sent to other places simultaneously.
  2. Authors must verify the authenticity of their research and they have quoted others correctly according to the reference format.
  3. The author is not involved in plagiarism.
  4. The author should follow the criteria described in the writing guidelines to the author.
  5. Authors are not advised to publish any personal information that might make the patient's identity recognizable in the form of a description, photograph or genealogy section. If the patient's photo is very important and very necessary as scientific information, the author has got written approval and has stated it clearly.
  6. In the case of human trials, the authors state that the study was in accordance with the ethical standards of the Helsinki declaration, which led human experiments. If there is any doubt raised whether the study took place according to the declaration, then the author should explain it. In the case of animal experiments, the authors have authorized that the authors have followed the guidelines and abroad with regard to animal experiments in the laboratory.
  7. The author must submit data and details to the editor, if suspected of falsification or data creation.
  8. The authors should clarify everything that could lead to conflicts of interest such as employment, research costs, consultation fees, and intellectual property for guidelines for authors.
  9. If the Author wants to request cancellation/ withdrawal of the article which is in the peer-review process, the author will be subject to a fine of Rp. 500.000,00 (five hundred thousand rupiah) per manuscript, as a compensation to the journal manager. However, the cancellation/withdrawal of articles that have been submitted is not an ethical thing. 


Editor UMJ, treats submitted manuscripts and all communications with writers and referees are confidential. The author should also treat communications with the journal as confidential. Correspondence with journals, review reports and other confidential material should not be posted on any website or published without permission from the editor, whether or not the release is published.


Author/s who publish in any UMJ print & online journal will transfer copyright to their work to Faculty of Medicine Universitas Muslim Indonesia.  Submission of a manuscript to the respective journals implies that all author/s have read and agreed to the content of the Covering Letter or the Terms and Conditions.  It is a condition of publication that manuscripts submitted to this journal have not been published and will not be simultaneously submitted or published elsewhere. Plagiarism is strictly forbidden, and by submitting the manuscript for publication the author/s agree that the publishers have the legal right to take appropriate action against the author/s, if plagiarism or fabricated information is discovered. By submitting a manuscript, the author/s agree that the copyright of their manuscript is transferred to Faculty of Medicine Universitas Muslim Indonesia, if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication.  Once submitted to the journal, the author/s will not withdraw their manuscript at any stage prior to publication.  However, the copyright will be released to author/s when the manuscript is rejected.


Authors who may have complaints about their interactions with UMI Medical Journal should send an e-mail to the Editor-in-Chief to: